Title: Cissbury Ring
Description: Owned by the National Trust, Cissbury Ring is the second largest hill fort in the country. With views of Beachy Head and the Isle of Wight, the area is also rich in wildlife and was the site of Neolithic flint mining.
Address: Off Nepcote Lane, , Nr Findon, West Sussex
Now owned by the National Trust and once a Neolithic flint mining area, Cissbury Ring covers an area of 60 acres (24 hectares). The mining operation is thought to have covered an area of 22 acres (9 hectares) and incorporated 270 mines; the shafts were dug using picks made from red deer antlers and shovels from their shoulder bones; the shallow circular depressions that can be seen are the remains of these shafts. The galleries inside the hill that radiate out from the main shafts are very small, with their average height being no more than 3 feet (1 metre).
The hill fort was built at the beginning of the Middle Iron Age and is the biggest in Sussex. Consisting of a main bank, a smaller outer bank and a ditch separating them, the rampart has two entrances - one on the east side and the other on the southwest. The inhabitants lived and farmed inside the fort; the rectangular impressions in the ground that can be seen are where the buildings once stood. Towards the end of the Roman occupation, the hill fort was reinforced in order to prevent invasion by the Saxons.
A large number of artefacts have been found, including Romano-British pottery, Saxon coins and jewellery from the fourth century.